These were "common criminals," individuals suspected of being leaders of the insurgency, and individuals suspected of committing crimes against the occupational force led by the U. She did not have previous experience in running a prison. The Fay Report noted that "contracting-related issues contributed to the problems at Abu Ghraib prison". Over half the interrogators working at the prison were employees of CACI International , while Titan Corporation supplied linguistics personnel. In his report, General Fay notes that "The general policy of not contracting for intelligence functions and services was designed in part to avoid many of the problems that eventually developed at Abu Ghraib In June , Amnesty International published reports of human rights abuses by the U.
On June 20, , Abdel Salam Sidahmed, Deputy Director of AI's Middle East Program, described an uprising by the prisoners against the conditions of their detention, saying "The notorious Abu Ghraib Prison, centre of torture and mass executions under Saddam Hussein, is yet again a prison cut off from the outside world.
On 13 June there was a protest in this prison against indefinite detention without trial. Troops from the occupying powers killed one person and wounded seven. On July 23, , Amnesty International issued a press release condemning widespread human rights abuses by U. The release stated that prisoners had been exposed to extreme heat, not provided clothing, and forced to use open trenches for toilets. They had also been tortured, with the methods including denial of sleep for extended periods, exposure to bright lights and loud music, and being restrained in uncomfortable positions.
On November 1, , the Associated Press presented a special report on the massive human rights abuses at Abu Ghraib. Their report began; "In Iraq's American detention camps, forbidden talk can earn a prisoner hours bound and stretched out in the sun, and detainees swinging tent poles rise up regularly against their jailers, according to recently released Iraqis.
They humiliated people. Brigadier General Janis Karpinski , who oversaw all U.
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Since the beginning of the invasion, the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC had been allowed to oversee the prison, and submitted reports about the treatment of the prisoners. In response to an ICRC report, Karpinski stated that several of the prisoners were intelligence assets, and therefore not entitled to complete protection under the Geneva Conventions. This systemic and illegal abuse of detainees was intentionally perpetrated by several members of the military police guard force.
The report was not released publicly. The scandal came to widespread public attention In April , when a 60 Minutes II news report was aired on April 28 by CBS News , describing the abuse, including pictures showing military personnel taunting naked prisoners. Hersh in The New Yorker magazine posted online on April 30 and published days later in the May 10 issue ,  which also had a widespread impact. Shortly afterwards, U. Bush stated that the individuals responsible would be "brought to justice," while United Nations General Secretary Kofi Annan said that the effort to reconstruct a government in Iraq had been badly damaged.
These discussed torture and abuse at prisons in Guantanamo Bay , Afghanistan , and Iraq. One memorandum dated May 22, was from an individual described as the "On Scene Commander — Baghdad," but whose name had been redacted. The torture methods sanctioned included sleep deprivation, hooding prisoners, playing loud music, removing all detainees' clothing, forcing them to stand in so-called "stress positions", and the use of dogs.
The author also stated that the Pentagon had limited use of the techniques by requiring specific authorization from the chain of command. The author identifies "physical beatings, sexual humiliation or touching" as being outside the Executive Order. This was the first internal evidence since the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse affair became public in April that forms of coercion of captives had been mandated by the president of the United States.
Rumsfeld authorized these specific techniques. Army spokespeople in Iraq commented on the accusation. In , a criminal complaint was filed in a German Court against Donald Rumsfeld by eight former soldiers and intelligence operatives, including Karpinski and former army counterintelligence special agent David DeBatto. Among other things, the complaint stated that Rumsfeld both knew of and authorized enhanced interrogation techniques that he knew to be illegal under international law.
After al-Jamadi's death, his corpse was packed in ice; the corpse was in the background for widely reprinted photographs of grinning U.
Army specialists Sabrina Harman and Charles Graner, each of whom offered a "thumbs-up" gesture. Al-Jamadi had been a suspect in a bomb attack that killed 12 people in a Baghdad Red Cross facility. No one has been charged with his death. In , Attorney General Eric Holder said that he had opened a full criminal investigation into al-Jamadi's death. In , Antonio Taguba , a major general in the U. Army, wrote in the Taguba Report that a detainee had been sodomized with "a chemical light and perhaps a broomstick.
In , he was the subject of a civil court case in the United States. In other instances of sexual abuse, soldiers were found to have raped female inmates. Senior U. It quoted him as saying; "They said we will make you wish to die and it will not happen [ One of them told me he would rape me. He drew a picture of a woman to my back and made me stand in shameful position holding my buttocks. I said yes. They said, '[Expletive] you. And [expletive] him.
And he said to me, 'Are you married? The abuses reported included urinating on detainees, pounding wounded limbs with metal batons, pouring phosphoric acid on detainees, and tying ropes to the detainees' legs or penises and dragging them across the floor. In her video diary, a prison guard said that prisoners were shot for minor misbehavior, and claimed to have had venomous snakes used to bite prisoners, sometimes resulting in their deaths. The guard said that she was "in trouble" for having thrown rocks at the detainees.
Armed forces in the U. These R2I techniques are taught ostensibly to help soldiers cope with, or resist, torture if they are captured.
Honor Betrayed: Sexual Abuse in America's Military - Mic Hunter - Google книги
On May 8, , The Guardian reported that according to a former British special forces officer, the acts committed by the Abu Ghraib prison military personnel resembled the techniques used in R2I training. The US commander in charge of military jails in Iraq, Major General Geoffrey Miller , has confirmed that a battery of odd special "coercive techniques" can be used against enemy detainees. The general, who previously ran the prison camp at Guantanamo Bay, said his main role was to extract as much intelligence as possible.
Historian Alfred W. On November 1, , the Associated Press published a lengthy report on inhumane treatment, beatings, and deaths at Abu Ghraib and other American prisons in Iraq. Hanley that inmates had been attacked by dogs, made to wear hoods, and humiliated in other ways.
Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse
When the U. On January 16, , the United States Central Command informed the media that an official investigation had begun involving abuse and humiliation of Iraqi detainees by a group of U. On February 24, it was reported that 17 soldiers had been suspended. The military announced on March 21, , that the first charges had been filed against six soldiers. In late April , the U.
The story included photographs depicting the abuse of prisoners. After learning that The New Yorker magazine planned to publish an article and photographs on the topic in its next issue, CBS proceeded to broadcast its report on April The first thing I'd say is we're appalled as well. These are our fellow soldiers.
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These are the people we work with every day, and they represent us. They wear the same uniform as us, and they let their fellow soldiers down [ And we expect our soldiers to be treated well by the adversary, by the enemy. And if we can't hold ourselves up as an example of how to treat people with dignity and respect [ This is wrong. This is reprehensible. But this is not representative of the , soldiers that are over here [ Don't judge your army based on the actions of a few.
Kimmitt also acknowledged that he knew of other cases of abuse during the American occupation of Iraq. Frederick's civilian job was as a corrections officer at a Virginia prison. He said, "We had no support, no training whatsoever. And I kept asking my chain of command for certain things In it he listed detailed, dated, entries that chronicled abuse of CIA prisoners, as well as their names: "The next day the medics came in and put his body on a stretcher, placed a fake [intravenous drip] in his arm and took him away.
This [CIA prisoner] was never processed and therefore never had a number. MI has encouraged and told us great job [and] that they were now getting positive results and information. In , Seymour M. Hersh authored an article in The New Yorker magazine discussing the abuses in detail, and used as its source a copy of the Taguba report. Under the direction of editor David Remnick , the magazine also posted a report on its website by Hersh, along with a number of images of the torture taken by U. The article, entitled "Torture at Abu Ghraib", was followed in the next two weeks by two further articles on the same subject, "Chain of Command" and "The Gray Zone", also by Hersh.
In February , previously unreleased photos and videos were broadcast by SBS , an Australian television network, on its Dateline program. The Bush administration attempted to prevent release of the images in the U. These newly released photographs depicted prisoners crawling on the floor naked, being forced to perform sexual acts, and being covered in feces.
Some images also showed prisoners killed by the soldiers, some shot in the head and some with slit throats. BBC World News stated that one of the prisoners, who was reportedly mentally unstable, was considered by prison guards as a "pet" for torture. On March 15, , Salon published what was then the most extensive documentation of the abuse.
Part of the reason was that rumors and tall stories, as well as true stories, about abuse, mass rape, and torture in the jails and in coalition custody have been going round for a long time. So compared to what people have been talking about here the pictures are quite benign. There's nothing unexpected. In fact what most people are asking is: why did they come up now? People in Iraq are always suspecting that there's some scheming going on, some agenda in releasing the pictures at this particular point.